Fonts in Emacs 23.2

When my Emacs was upgraded from 23.1 to 23.2, I got negatively surprised: It changed font rendering, making fonts significantly less readable. I quickly identified the corresponding NEWS entry:

*** On X11, Emacs reacts to Xft changes made by configuration tools,
via the XSETTINGS mechanism.  This includes antialias, hinting,
hintstyle, RGBA, DPI and lcdfilter changes.

But I didn’t know anything about Xft and XSETTINGS. I started to look for a quick solution and tried to install and use common desktop configuration tools such as gnome-control-center, systemsettings and xfce4-settings. I’ve found that font adjustments apply in Emacs only when using the GNOME tools. So running gnome-settings-daemon was necessary and it was very annoying: It changes keyboard layout on startup and after switching back to X from console, breaks multimedia keys, pops up annoying dialogs on various occasions, etc. and I couldn’t find a way to prevent all the odd behavior.

Now I’ve finally got rid of it. I discovered Xft font properties can be set simply via X resources. After some testing and elaboration I ended up with the following new lines in my ~/.Xresources:

Xft.antialias: 1
Xft.hinting:   1
Xft.hintstyle: hintslight
Xft.lcdfilter: lcdnone
Xft.rgba:	 none

Now fonts in Emacs look fine again and gnome-settings-daemon is no longer present on my computer.

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